According to Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), The General Assembly recognizes that the inherent dignity and the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, human rights should be protected by the rule of law, friendly relations between nations must be fostered, the peoples of the UN have affirmed their faith in human rights, the dignity and the worth of the human person, the equal rights of men and women and are determined to promote social progress, better standards of life and larger freedom and have promised to promote human rights and a common understanding of these rights.
- The systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.
- Began in 1933 when Hilter came to power in
and ended in 1945 when the Nazis were defeated by the Allied powers. Germany
- "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire."
- Believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.
- German authorities also targeted other groups because of their perceived "racial inferiority": Roma (Gypsies), the disabled, and some of the Slavic peoples (Poles, Russians, and others).
- Other groups were persecuted on political, ideological, and behavioral grounds, among them Communists, Socialists, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals.
What: Jim Crow Laws coming into effect thus leading to denial of human rights to the African Americans. Jim Crow Laws caused segregation between the blacks and whites.
Public facilities were segregated for the Blacks and Whites. This includes the separation of schools, hospitals and other public institutions. The discrimination was so severe that the blacks could only use amenities of inferior quality designated for them.
“This usually involved whites sitting in the front and blacks sitting nearest to the front had to give up their seats to any whites that were standing.”
“African American people who disobeyed the state's transport segregation policies were arrested and fined. In 1956 African Americans, led by Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks, organised the successful Montgomery Bus Boycott."
Moreover, the African Americas were denied of voting rights, a basic human right. This is so that the Whites remains in control and maintain their power. Poll taxes and literacy tests were imposed to discourage voting by poor blacks and the whites. Many blacks protested but "their voices did not reach the ears of an America deaf to racial injustice".
Done by: Jovee Gan, Belle Kua, Maggie Tan, Jaime Tan, Ooi Shi Yun 10S14