The American Civil War, also known as the War Between the States, was a
civil war that happened in the United States of America during the time
period 1861–1865 that resulted in the deaths of 620,000 soldiers and an
undetermined number of civilian casualties.
What caused the war to happen?
The states in the United States of America had split into two main groups
the Union (led by Abraham Lincoln) and the confederacy (led by Jefferson
Davis) which comprises mainly of slave states.
There are many reasons that led to the separation of the United States of
America but the main one would be because of slavery, as when during the
presidential election, Abraham Lincoln had campaigned against the expansion
of slavery. As the southern states comprises mostly of slave states, this
meant that the Southern would have a loss of economy through slavery and
also fears of racial equality with the African race who they regard as an
inferior and dependent race. The Southern leaders also feared that Lincoln
would stop the expansion of slavery and put it on a course toward
extinction. Hence, the slave states, which had already become a minority
in the House of Representatives, were now facing a future as a perpetual
minority in the Senate and Electoral College against an increasingly
Resulting in the formation of the Confederacy and Separation of the United
States of America.
Aftermath of the War
Northern leaders agreed that victory would require more than the end of
fighting. It had to encompass the two war goals: secession had to be
repudiated and all forms of slavery had to be eliminated. They disagreed
sharply on the criteria for these goals. They also disagreed on the degree
of federal control that should be imposed on the South, and the process by
which Southern states should be reintegrated into the Union.
Reconstruction, which began early in the war and ended in 1877, involved a
complex and rapidly changing series of federal and state policies. The
long-term result came in the three Reconstruction Amendments to the
Constitution: the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery; the
Fourteenth Amendment, which extended federal legal protections equally to
citizens regardless of race; and the Fifteenth Amendment, which abolished
racial restrictions on voting. Reconstruction ended in the different states
at different times, the last three by the Compromise of 1877.
By: Darren Pang, 10S25